Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis and periodontal disease are both characterized by bone resorption. After menopause, bone loss rate is dramatically accentuated, which seems to potentially accelerate and/or aggravate periodontal tissue breakdown.
The dental biofilm induces the immune system to produce inflammatory factors. The inflammation around the teeth may lead to bone destruction and tooth mobility and loss.
The association between osteoporosis and periodontal disease can be explained by the fact that both conditions have common predisposing factors for bone loss. In osteoporosis, there is systemic bone loss, while in periodontal disease it is localized on the bone around the teeth.
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